Sanitation. Sanitation relates to the conditions of the health of a community. This means that the community must be kept clean, which is an ongoing process. Poor sanitation is one of the greatest contributors to disease. One important goal is to end the practice of open defecation. Open defecation is when people go out in fields, forests, open bodies of water, or open spaces rather than using a toilet or latrine. It is incredibly dangerous, as contact with human waste can cause diseases like cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, polio, diarrhea, and worm infestation.
Haiti Water Project aims to ensure access and use of latrines, create ways to separate human waste from contact with people, as well as to stimulate community-led initiatives to build, maintain, and use latrines, keeping communities clean.
Hygiene. Haiti Water Project promotes good hygiene practices, especially hand washing with soap. Good hygiene practices reduce the incidence of diseases like pneumonia, trachoma, scabies, skin and eye infections and diarrhea-related diseases like cholera and dysentery. Washing hands with soap at critical times, like after going to the bathroom or before eating, can have a significant impact on people’s health. Research shows that regular hand washing with soap can reduce the number of incidents of diarrhea by around 50 percent.